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My favorite writer

Hovhannes Shiraz

Shiraz was born Onik Tadevosi Karapetyan in the city of Alexandropol, then part of the Russian Empire (now Gyumri, Armenia). His mother, Astghik, was widowed by the Armenian Genocide shortly before his birth. Shiraz grew up in a considerable poverty. His first work called Beginning of Spring was published in 1935. Novelist Atrpet gave the talented poet the epithet «Shiraz», because «this youth’s poems have the fragrance of roses, fresh and covered with dew, like the roses of Shiraz» (Shiraz being one of Iran’s major cities, famous for its roses and poets). Another version of his pen name is «Shirak azn»—a child of Shirak, the region he was from. In 1937 Hovhannes Shiraz entered the Armenian Literature Department of Yerevan’s State University, where he studied until 1941. He also studied at the Moscow Maxim Gorky Literature Institute. In 1958, he published the first volume of his anthology Knar Hayastani (Lyre of Armenia). The second and third volumes were published in 1965 and 1974. These collections include the best examples of Shiraz’s poetry.

Shiraz mostly wrote and published poetry. He is an author of very popular patriotic and love poems included «Ani», «My Mother», «May my love remain a secret», «Siamanto and Khjezare», «Expromptu», «Like the Pagan Love», «My Holy Homeland», «The Fate of Armenians», «To Andranik», etc. He wrote «The Armenian Dante-esque» about the Armenian genocide, a subject that was banned in Soviet Union. The first version of this masterpiece was written in 1941. Only short passages from this work were published in Soviet Armenia during his lifetime, and some chapters were published in Beirut and Tehran. The entire poem (over 8000 lines) was published in 1990 in Yerevan.He was buried at Komitas Pantheon, in Yerevan, along with other distinguished Armenians.He first married famous Armenian poet Silva Kaputikyan. His son with Kaputikyan, Ara Shiraz, was a sculptor. Shiraz had seven children with his second wife, Shushanik Shiraz (Aristakesyan, 1937-2006), one of whom was Sipan Shiraz, a poet.Yerevan school #169 and a street in Julfa, Isfahan are named after him. The Hovhannes Shiraz House-Museum is located in a nineteenth-century building in Gyumri.

Рубрика: English

The World’s Greatest Leaders in History: Tutankhamun

King Tutankhamun (or Tutankhamen) ruled Egypt as pharaoh for 10 years until his death at age 19, around 1324 B.C. Although his rule was notable for reversing the tumultuous religious reforms of his father, Pharaoh Akhenaten, Tutankhamun’s legacy was largely negated by his successors. He was barely known to the modern world until 1922, when British archaeologist Howard Carter chiseled through a doorway and entered the boy pharaoh’s tomb, which had remained sealed for more than 3,200 years. The tomb’s vast hoard of artifacts and treasure, intended to accompany the king into the afterlife, revealed an incredible amount about royal life in ancient Egypt, and quickly made King Tut the world’s most famous pharaoh.

There are many theories as to what killed King Tut. He was tall but physically frail, with a crippling bone disease in his clubbed left foot. He is the only pharaoh known to have been depicted seated while engaged in physical activities like archery.

Because Tutankhamun’s remains revealed a hole in the back of the skull, some historians had concluded that the young king was assassinated, but recent tests suggest that the hole was made during mummification. CT scans in 1995 showed that the king had an infected broken left leg, while DNA from his mummy revealed evidence of multiple malaria infections, all of which may have contributed to his early death.

Рубрика: English, Առցանց ուսուցում

Առցանց ուսուցում։ Անգլերեն ապրիլի 13-20

Gabriel Garcia Marquez. Farewell Letter

  • Write down your thoughts about this letter
  • Who was Gabriel Garcia Marquez: biography

If God, for a second, forgot what I have become and granted me a little bit more of life, I would use it to the best of my ability.

I wouldn’t, possibly, say everything that is in my mind, but I would be more thoughtful l of all I say.

I would give merit to things not for what they are worth, but for what they mean to express.

I would sleep little, I would dream more, because I know that for every minute that we close our eyes, we waste 60 seconds of light.

I would walk while others stop; I would awake while others sleep.

If God would give me a little bit more of life, I would dress in a simple manner, I would place myself in front of the sun, leaving not only my body, but my soul naked at its mercy.

To all men, I would say how mistaken they are when they think that they stop falling in love when they grow old, without knowing that they grow old when they stop falling in love.

I would give wings to children, but I would leave it to them to learn how to fly by themselves.

To old people I would say that death doesn’t arrive when they grow old, but with forgetfulness.

I have learned so much with you all, I have learned that everybody wants to live on top of the mountain, without knowing that true happiness is obtained in the journey taken & the form used to reach the top of the hill.

I have learned that when a newborn baby holds, with its little hand, his father’s finger, it has trapped him for the rest of his life.

I have learned that a man has the right and obligation to look down at another man, only when that man needs help to get up from the ground.

Say always what you feel, not what you think. If I knew that today is the last time that that I am going to see you asleep, I would hug you with all my strength and I would pray to the Lord to let me be the guardian angel of your soul.

If I knew that these are the last moments to see you, I would say “I love you.”

There is always tomorrow, and life gives us another opportunity to do things right, but in case I am wrong, and today is all that is left to me, I would love to tell you how much I love you & that I will never forget you.

Tomorrow is never guaranteed to anyone, young or old. Today could be the last time to see your loved ones, which is why you mustn’t wait; do it today, in case tomorrow never arrives. I am sure you will be sorry you wasted the opportunity today to give a smile, a hug, a kiss, and that you were too busy to grant them their last wish.

Keep your loved ones near you; tell them in their ears and to their faces how much you need them and love them. Love them and treat them well; take your time to tell them “I am sorry,” “forgive me, “please,” “thank you,” and all those loving words you know.

Nobody will know you for your secret thought. Ask the Lord for wisdom and strength to express them.

Show your friends and loved ones how important they are to you.

Send this letter to those you love. If you don’t do it today…tomorrow will be like yesterday, and if you never do it, it doesn’t matter either, the moment to do it is now.

For you, with much love,

Your Friend,

by Gabriel Garcia Marquez


Gabriel García Márquez fue uno de los grandes novelistas del siglo XX, renovador de la literatura en español y figura clave en el auge del llamado realismo mágico. Fue también el máximo representante del Boom Latinoamericano. Su importancia como narrador se vio reconocida a nivel mundial en 1982, año en el que le fue otorgado el Premio Nobel de Literatura. G

Márquez nació en Aracata (Colombia) el 6 de marzo de 1927. Fue el primero de once hijos. Sus primeros años de vida los pasó al cuidado de sus abuelos maternos recibiendo así una fuerte influencia de su abuelo, el coronel Nicolás Márquez Mejía, un respetado liberal veterano de la Guerra de los Mil Días al que el autor describirá como su «cordón umbilical con la historia y la realidad». Su niñez está relatada en sus memorias Vivir para contarla (2002).

En 1947 comienza a estudiar Derecho en la Universidad Nacional de Cartagena y ahí es cuando nace su verdadera pasión por la literatura. Tras el cierre de la universidad después del «Bogotazo» abandona sus estudios para trabajar como periodista en varios medios, como El Universal o El Heraldo. La profesión periodística tuvo una gran influencia en la formación literaria de García Márquez, y marcaría de forma decidida el estilo de sus obras. 

Su carrera de escritor comenzó con una novela breve La hojarasca (1955). Pero la obra clave en su carrera sería Cien años de soledad (1967). El autor desarrolló una importante carrera literaria con obras como El coronel no tiene quien le escriba (1961) o Crónica de una muerte anunciada (1981).

Su siguiente gran obra, El amor en los tiempos del cólera (1987), se inspiraría en la propia historia de amor de sus padres. Volvió al reportaje con Miguel Littín clandestino en Chile (1986), escribió un texto teatral, Diatriba de amor contra un hombre sentado (1987), e incluso agrupó algunos relatos bajo el título Doce cuentos peregrinos (1992). Nuevamente, en sus últimas obras, podemos apreciar la conjunción de la novela amorosa y sentimental con el reportaje.

Las obras de García Márquez incluyen más de una decena de novelas cortas, dos novelas largas (Cien años de soledad y El amor en los tiempos del cólera), su autobiografía (Vivir para contarla) y varias colecciones de relatos y artículos periodísticos. Además, se la considera fundamental para entender la literatura en español del siglo XX y su influencia se ha extendido a varias generaciones de escritores. «Gabo» nos dejó un 17 de abril de 2014.

Рубрика: English

Առցանց ուսուցում Անգլերեն ապրիլի 6-10

Grammar/Exercises (Much,many,little,few,a lot,plenty)


We use much and little with uncountable nouns.

much time         little energy

we use a lot of/lots of /plenty of with uncountable and plural(countable) nouns

a lot of luck             lots of time         plenty of money

a lot of friends       lots of people      plenty of ideas

We use much/many especially in negative and interrogative sentences.

We didn’t spend much money.

Do you know many people?

In positive sentences a lot (of) is more usual.

We spent a lot of money.

He goes out a lot.

Little and few (without ‘a’) are negative ideas.

We must be quick.There is little time.

He isn’t popular.He has few friends.

A little and a few are more positive.

We have got a little time before the train leaves.

Do you speak English? “A little ”

When did you see him? “A few days ago”.


1.Put in much or many

  1. 1.Did you buy… food?
  2. There aren’t … hotels in this town.
  3. We haven’t got … petrol.
  4. Were there…. people on the train?
  5. Did … students fail the examination?
  6. She hasn’t got…. money.
  7. I haven’t seen him for … years.

2.Fill in much/many/a lot of

  1. Sue drinks….. tea.
  2. We didn’t spend … money.
  3. We’ll have to hurry.We haven’t got…. time.
  4. He always puts …. salt on his food.
  5. I use the phone … at work.
  6. Did it cost… to repair the car?
  7. I don’t know …. people in this town.

3.Complete the sentences. Use much or many with one of these words.

books, countries, luggage, people, time, times

  1. I don’t read very much.I haven’t got many books.
  2. Quick! We must hurry. We haven’t got much time.
  3. Do you travel a lot? Have you been to much countries.
  4. She hasn’t lived here very long, so she doesn’t know many people.
  5. Have you got much luggage? No, only this bag.
  6. I know Paris very well. I’ve been there many times.

4.Put in little/a little/few/a few

  1. Do you mind if I ask you …. questions?
  2. This town is not a very interesting place to visit, so …. tourists come here.
  3. I don’t think he would be a good teacher.He has got … patience.
  4. Would you like milk in your coffee? Yes, please …..
  5. Have you ever been to Paris? Yes I have been there … times.
  6. There was … traffic so the journey didn’t take very long.

5.Put in a little and a few + one of these words.

air, chairs, days, friends, letters, milk, times

  1. Last night I wrote ….  ……. to my family and friends.
  2. Can I have …. ….. in my coffee,please?
  3. Are you going out alone?  No, I am going  with … …..
  4. Have you ever been to Rome? Yes, …. ……
  5. There wasn’t much furniture  in the room –  just a table and …
  6. I’m going out for a walk. I need ….. fresh ….

Easter:The Parable of the Sower

Reading and discussion

The Parable of the SowerSlide03_Parable_Sower_Matthew-13-1-23_Illustrated-Bible-Scriptures_featured

 That same day Jesus went out of the house and sat by the lake. Such large crowds gathered around him that he got into a boat and sat in it, while all the people stood on the shore. Then he told them many things in parables, saying: “A farmer went out to sow his seed. As he was scattering the seed, some fell along the path, and the birds came and ate it up. Some fell on rocky places, where it did not have much soil. It sprang up quickly, because the soil was shallow. But when the sun came up, the plants were scorched, and they withered because they had no root. Other seed fell among thorns, which grew up and choked the plants. Still other seed fell on good soil, where it produced a crop—a hundred, sixty or thirty times what was sown. Whoever has ears, let them hear.”

The disciples came to him and asked, “Why do you speak to the people in parables?”

He replied, “Because the knowledge of the secrets of the kingdom of heaven has been given to you, but not to them. Whoever has will be given more, and they will have an abundance. Whoever does not have, even what they have will be taken from them. This is why I speak to them in parables:

“Though seeing, they do not see;
    though hearing, they do not hear or understand.

In them is fulfilled the prophecy of Isaiah:

“‘You will be ever hearing but never understanding;
    you will be ever seeing but never perceiving.
For this people’s heart has become calloused;
    they hardly hear with their ears,
    and they have closed their eyes.
Otherwise they might see with their eyes,
    hear with their ears,
    understand with their hearts
and turn, and I would heal them.’

But blessed are your eyes because they see, and your ears because they hear. For truly I tell you, many prophets and righteous people longed to see what you see but did not see it, and to hear what you hear but did not hear it.

“Listen then to what the parable of the sower means: When anyone hears the message about the kingdom and does not understand it, the evil one comes and snatches away what was sown in their heart. This is the seed sown along the path. The seed falling on rocky ground refers to someone who hears the word and at once receives it with joy. But since they have no root, they last only a short time. When trouble or persecution comes because of the word, they quickly fall away. The seed falling among the thorns refers to someone who hears the word, but the worries of this life and the deceitfulness of wealth choke the word, making it unfruitful. But the seed falling on good soil refers to someone who hears the word and understands it. This is the one who produces a crop, yielding a hundred, sixty or thirty times what was sown.”

Questions for discussion

1.What is a parable?

2. What did the good soil symbolize in this parable?

3.How many  different types of soil were there in the parable and what were they?

4. Lesson learned.

Select the right answer.

1. What happened to the seed that fell on the path?

a) It started to grow but could not take root.

b) Birds ate it.

c) It got choked out.

2. What happened to the seed that fell on rocky soil?

a) It started to grow but could not take root.

b) Birds ate it.

c) It got choked out.

3. What characterizes people who are like the seed that fell among thorns?

a) As soon as they hear what God says, Satan swoops down and takes it away.

b) They hear what God says but the worries of life, the deceitfulness of wealth and the desire for other things make them unfruitful.

4. Why did some seed produce a crop?

a) It was a special kind of seed.

b) It fell on good soil.

5. What characterizes people who are like the seed sown on good soil?

a) They hear God’s word and obey it.

b) When troubles come they quickly fall away.

Рубрика: English


  1. Do you know the answer
  2. You don’t know the answer
  3. Does he have breakfast at 8.00
  4. He doesn’t have breakfast at 8.00
  5. Do the children like sweets
  6. The children don’t like sweets
  7. Did he brake his arm
  8. He didn’t brake his arm
  9. Does he trust you
  10. He doesn’t trust you
  11. Did Jane ring the bell
  12. Jane didn’t ring the bell
  13. Did she lose her way
  14. She didn’t lose her way
  15. Did they play the game
  16. They didn’t play the game